What is Intermittent Explosive Disorder? (Mental Health Guru) [with CC]

FEMALE NARRATOR: Physical abuse, road rage, extreme aggression Think temper tantrums that involve throwing or breaking objects

Sometimes such erratic eruptions can be caused by a condition known as Intermittent Explosive Disorder, or IED DR GARDERE: You may be unfamiliar with the name but chances are you’ve witnessed the angry outburst that characterize Intermittent Explosive Disorder According to a National Institute of Mental Health study the disorder occurs most often in young men and may affect as many as 1 in 14 US

adults People with this condition tend to repeatedly engage in uncontrollable anger explosions During a flare-up IED sufferers often attack others or their possessions, resulting in bodily injury or property damage Later, people with Intermittent Explosive Disorder may feel remorse, regret, or embarrassment But IED isn’t limited to harming others

Fully, 16% of people with the condition also engage in acts of self-aggression No matter the target, attacks of Intermittent Explosive Disorder tend to last about 10-20 minutes And a study conducted in 2006 suggests that IED is considerably more prevalent than previously thought In a study of almost 10,000 individuals 18 years or older, lifetime episodes were reported at 73% while 12-month occurrences were reported at 39%

This suggests an average lifetime occurrence of 43 instances with about $1,359 in property damage They are often accompanied by physical symptoms including heart palpitations, head pressure, chest tightness, and body tremors After an explosive outburst is over it’s not uncommon for feelings of embarrassment and remorse to surface So, why do people with Intermittent Explosive Disorder act the way they do? Children exposed to violence and abuse appear to have a greater chance of developing Intermittent Explosive Disorder as teens and adults The condition may also be genetic, meaning the disorder’s passed from one generation to the next

People suffering from anxiety, depression, or substance abuse are also more likely to be diagnosed with IED In fact, about 82% of people diagnosed with IED have one of these disorders Additionally, people with Intermittent Explosive Disorder may have an imbalance in certain brain chemicals including serotonin and testosterone IED can make it difficult to engage in meaningful relationships and even to hold down a job For this reason, treatment is aggressive and often focused on prescription medication

Drugs used to treat IED include: anti-depressants like Prozac and Paxil, anti-anxiety medications like Valium and Xanax, anticonvulsants such as Lamictal and Dilantin, and mood regulators like Lithium People with Intermittent Explosive Disorder may also find that anger management group meetings and talk therapy can help them control their symptoms Knowing this, it makes sense to seek help from a mental health professional if you, or someone you love, is affected by this disorder

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